A list of several siphonophore reviews, as well as the papers cited in the text and figures, can be found below.

Bigelow, H. B. 1911. The Siphonophorae. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 38:173-401.

Carré, C., and D. Carré. 1991. A Complete Life-Cycle of the Calycophoran Siphonophore Muggiaea-Kochi (Will) in the Laboratory, under Different Temperature Conditions - Ecological Implications. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences 334:27-32.

Carré, C. a. C. 1993. Ordre des Siphonophores. Pp. 523-596 in P.-P. Grassé, ed. Traité de Zoologies: Anatomie, Systematique, Biologie. Masson, Paris.

Carré, D. 1969. Étude histologique du dévelopment de Nanomia bijuga (Chiaje, 1841), Siphonophore Physonecte, Agalmidae. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 10:325-341.

Mackie, G. O., P. R. Pugh, and J. E. Purcell. 1987. Siphonophore Biology. Advances in Marine Biology 24:97-262.

Pugh, P. R. 1999. Siphonophorae. Pp. 467-511 in D. Boltovskoy, ed. South Atlantic Zooplankton. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

Purcell, J.E. 1980. Influence of Siphonophore Behavior Upon Their Natural Diets - Evidence for Aggressive Mimicry. Science, 209:1045-1047.

Totton, A. K. 1965. A Synopsis of the Siphonophora. British Museum of Natural History, London.